I have a love-hate relationship with softball. I only played the sport competitively* for about seven or eight years, but my father’s love for baseball means that I could catch a ball (glove and all) and swing a bat (and make contact) around age 4. The competitive years were roughly age 13-19, basically covering the last year of middle school, all through high school, and two years or so of college.

Unfortunately I did not leave competitive softball on good terms and, since then, I’ve only participated in softball when I can be assured it’s either going to just be some batting practice or playing catch with a friend, or it’s going to be a super laid-back slow-pitch game in which the results don’t matter too much (read: grad school intramural softball), the people are friendly, and there will be a BBQ – or at least beer and pizza – afterwards. There are a number of reasons for why I left competitive softball that stem from that period of time when I played competitively: the atmosphere of a dozen, hormonal teenage/college women with strong personalities, all traveling with one another, is a recipe for disaster. Also, society as a whole is just not encouraging of women in competitive sports past the age of 18, unless they’re Division I and/or Olympic level athletes, and even then not equal to their male counterparts.

But what strikes me about this conclusion is as follows: how happier I simply would have been had the teams I played on not been all-female. Prior to moving overseas at age 8, I’d played t-ball and some little league — as only one of two girls on a mixed team run by the other girl’s father. (Later, when I returned, she and I also both played for the high school JV team.) My father was very diligent in coaching both my brother and me, and I have extremely fond memories of throwing the ball back and forth even as a small child. We used to go to the local elementary school on the weekends for “extra practice” which was really just a fancy terms for what became a good way to sap the energy of out of two little kids. My father’s enthusiasm never waned, and even when we were overseas in a country where the sport was rather non-existent, he still took us out for that extra practice every now and then.

When we returned from living overseas, I had a rough year in school and didn’t really make any friends. Some of my most cherished moments were standing in the driveway on the weekend and playing catch with my father. (Much to my mother’s discontent, I might add, since on at least two occasions wild throws dented the mini-van and broke the glass to their bedroom window.) My parents, sensing that softball might be the solution to my difficult “adjustment” back to American public school, must have had a conversation about signing me up for a softball team the following spring. What I don’t think they were prepared for was the level of politics already involved in the leagues. Basically, a bunch of mostly middle-aged white men controlled the teenage girls’ teams and they all had their lists of “hot shot” players stacked for their own community teams… which naturally came from their travel teams, in other words: groups of girls who had been playing together since age 10 or so (about the time they got kicked out of  boys little league). Anyone new was just an after thought. My father correctly figured that this would hurt my chances of actually getting any playing time or attention–so he volunteered to coach a team. Then proceeded try-outs: a crappy public school gymnasium in late-winter where each girl was given a rating on her ability by several of these “experienced” coaches. The coaches then met up secretly and chose teams. My father ,with little knowledge about and no opportunity to pick and choose any player he wanted (aside from me of course), basically followed along. In terms of skills we ended up with a, shall we say, less-than-ideal team. As newbies to the league we also ended up with the worst color uniforms for our team — which, although we picked a “serious” name in the end, led to some of us forever referring to the team as “the puking green lizards.”

My father coached a summer season team as well. The politics were just as gruesome as in the spring season and sometimes even worse. Summer season in competitive softball is tournament time. Although that first summer was still mostly community play, I came to hate the summer tournaments. Each one lasts all day Saturday and most the day on Sunday — Saturday was usually 3-4 games and Sunday would be at least 1-2; if you went to the final then you might play 3. Saturday usually began fairly early with perhaps an 8:30 or 9AM game. Not a big deal when the game was in the backyard, but really crap when you had to travel any distance to get there. Then you’d have to kill time in between games, which meant lots of trips for fast food, BBQs, 7-11, pizza, and Friendly’s ice cream.  (Actually, it now kind of makes me sick to my stomach thinking about what we ate.) The truth is though, these tournaments, which also continued in some form throughout the Fall, were usually bearable because many families and friends would often drop by to watch. At the end of the day, and even for meals, people could really go whichever way they wanted; you weren’t tied to the teammates.

High school softball was where things began to change. Many of the girls knew each other from outside travel teams because usually you had to be that good in try-outs to actually make the team. I’d say about 25-30% of the girls at try-outs made my high school’s teams. I seem to remember two rounds of cuts – one after perhaps two days, maybe on a Tuesday evening or Wednesday morning, and another taking place either on Friday or the following Monday. Varsity was, of course, worse than JV try-outs, but once you hit 11th grade you were not allowed to try out for JV anymore. And unlike community leagues, if you didn’t make the team… well, you’d have to go join the track and field team. (Track and field always had space: not only was it low-cost to add new people, but very few teenagers voluntarily wanted to run.) This intense competition to make the team of course means that emotions ran very high and that the people who actually made the team tended to be fiercely competitive. The JV squad was a mish-mash of good, very good, and fantastic players. The varsity squad – of which I was a member for my last two years – was almost exclusively the best players from the areas best travel teams. For the varsity team, I played outfield. It wasn’t a bad thing; I had (still have!) a strong throwing arm, a good depth perception, and I could run faster than most the team.

But being a member of the high school team was different from the community travel team. For one, we practiced or played games five days a week during the season. Usually practice was 3 or 3:30-5:30 or 6pm; game days could last longer. We traveled on the same bus and often ate together and had to see each other in the halls of school. To top it off, the coaches decided it would be “fun” to start those secret pal things (you pick a name out of a hat and don’t tell who you picked) so, once every week or two, you had to secretly give your “pal” some sort of goodie bag or something. But I think, for me, worst of all was the drama that ensued between different girls on the team (gossip and bad-mouthing mostly) and those who taunted others about clothing they wore. What seems like “bonding” to some people was absolute hell for me. The first time I wore my braided sweatband to softball (after having worn it all of tennis season) some members decided I was “sweatin’ to the oldies” with Richard Simmons and every time I got up to bat they’d begin chanting “dancin’ in the street.” I couldn’t concentrate at all. And, of course, then there were the coaches favorites on the team – the ones who never could do any wrong and always got lots of playing time. It was all a weird experience, to say the least.

Sometimes I wonder why I didn’t give up on softball after high school. Because of age requirements, I could still play on my community travel team until the summer after my year of college, so I did. But I also decided to join softball at university because I love the sport. I get a big high out of clobbering a softball or throwing in from centerfield – in fact, it is similar to the runner’s high I get now after doing a set of intervals or going on a long trail run. I think a part of me also wanted to rebel a bit. When I got into this university, I began in the engineering department, an unusual choice for a female to begin with. So unusual that for my class – 1400+ freshmen engineers of which 225 of us were female – they had us all sign up for a special “women in engineering” counselor. My counselor was very encouraging of empowering women in engineering, and very discouraging of non-academic pursuits such as softball. When I told her I was considering trying out for the Division I softball team she flatly replied with “they practice 6 or 7 days a week and you won’t have time for that.” Gee, thanks.

So I did what anyone in my position would have done and I signed up for “club softball” which meant we still represented the university but we played only Division II and III schools.** In other words, we were kind of like the JV squad for the university, only we really didn’t have a decent coach or any money allocated to us, and we had to do these awful fundraisers all the time (“anybody want to eat at pizza hut and donate 10% of their bill to the team?”). In fact, the fundraisers were one of the reasons I decided to quit the team mid-way through my second year – let me explain. On average, we practiced several times per week on top of full academic schedules. This was not that bothersome, except that our field was not close to the dorm where I lived, nor was there any “real” coach or accountability. The coach – who I knew through another friend – was your typical male, who was the same age as us and I’m pretty sure liked coaching the team because of all the “extra benefits” he got out of it, whether that meant socially and parties or more is sometimes hard to say. (For the record he is not alone in this; many male coaches of female college teams try to take advantage of their position of power.) The schedule for our games was often disorganized and exhausting – we might have to leave on a Thursday or Friday and then take turns driving mini-vans across the state for the purposes of playing 2 or maybe 3 games. We paid for everything ourselves, as I’ve said before, although I think the university gave us some gas money in an annual budget. We often stayed with friends, relatives, or in cheap lodging found by the home team. I can’t say that was always bad. But the drama and politics on these trips drove me nuts – friction over dating or sleeping with other team members’ exes, gossip over who had a dildo in her trunk and who was a slut – and most of all, the obnoxious drinking habits of some of my teammates. Sometimes, it was so bad that certain teammates couldn’t actually play well because they were hung over from the night before.

The icing on the cake though – and what made me finally decide to leave the whole shebang for good – was discovering that the university van I was driving on one of these journeys had cases of cheap beer stuffed under the backseats, all bought with our hard-earned fundraising money. This was frustrating because 1) I was still under 21 and I could have been arrested for driving with all that beer under the seat (never mind it was a university van so I probably could have been expelled from the university) and 2) the beer was bought with money I was told would be going to new equipment, which we sorely needed. The experience left me jaded and at the end of the season (which was not far away at that point) I finally quit for good. Of course, by this point I had already considered leaving the team on several occasions, but this made it somewhat easier when people asked why – I told them I simply disagreed “with the way the funds had been allocated.” Some teammates begged for me to come back while I’m sure others were glad to see me gone; I never did get along well with people who drink Milwaukee’s Best Light.

Fast forwarding to grad school and today, I still don’t mind playing softball – as long as it’s casual and fun and low-key. When I lived in Taipei, I had a close friend from New York who likes baseball and swimming. We used to go swimming together some afternoons and then rent gloves from the gym and play catch  afterwards on the National Taiwan University campus’ fields. One time we even ended up playing a kind of pick-up game with the university baseball team. They were so happy to meet two native English speakers who spoke Chinese and completely shocked to see how well I played their sport. 🙂


*By competitive I mean fast pitch softball for high school, as well as for travel teams that play together year-round, including in tournaments extending beyond a community league.

** DII and DIII softball schools are usually the lesser-known state universities and private universities – in our case this meant we did not play a UVa, Georgetown, or Duke, but we might play Mary Washington, NC State, or GMU.

Just when things seemed to be looking up – as they were when I wrote my last few blog posts – something major in my personal life came up and, to use sports terminology, sidelined me with an injury. During the three months of downtime I’ve had I’ve mostly done some reading, have started regular yoga practice, have had deep tissue massages, and have worked a bit for a friend’s tech start-up. This has helped take my mind off personal life issues. Because it was winter in Berlin, and the personal issues did not allow a lot of time apart from my spouse, I didn’t even get much running in.

The upside to all this is that I’m now actually glad to be back doing some dissertation work and, assuming it actually stops snowing in Berlin, to get back to longer runs again. With that said, it’s still a goal: these days I’m lucky to get out of the apartment three times per week for 30-40 minutes of running, and I’m having some trouble focusing on the writing (erm, what exactly was I writing about when I stopped in early December?). I’ve signed up for an e-mail list called “the Productive Writer” but like all things one can sign up for online these days, it only really works if one actually puts effort into keeping up with it. So far there have been three e-mails from the head of the list that can be summed up as follows (in my words, not those of the professional e-mailing us):

Advice #1: You should write for 90 minutes each day. But, if this seems too long or arduous, start with 15 minutes, because these days 15 minutes of concentration devoted to one thing is priceless if not also seemingly impossible. Also, the hard part is getting started on writing, and 15 minutes is short enough to convince you that you DO have 15 minutes of writing in you each day. Once you get started, however, 90 minutes can sometimes then seem too short – but really, you should take a break after 90 minutes. And then when you’ve had your break you get to start all over again with that ill feeling of not being able to start.

Advice #2: You should schedule your writing. Try for the same time every day – find out when your brain works best and set aside the time. For me, I actually find it more helpful to just tell myself I’ll get x number of pomodoros done in a day – pomodoros being sessions of approximately 25 minutes of writing/ 5 minutes of break time – and then just giving my full concentration during each pomodoro to the particular task at hand. Initially the pomodoro is easy because you have 5 minutes of break time after each one; in reality it’s frustrating because after you’ve completed 25 minutes you really wish you had a longer session. For example, you wish you had scheduled more time in the day to write, or that the topic at hand didn’t take so much time to write, or that you’d broken down the topic into something manageable, or that you write too sloppy initially and the editing is a complete bitch that takes twice as long. (I’m eternally trying to figure out how to correctly predict how long it takes me to write something.)

Advice #3: Write shitty first drafts, because despite what all your perfectionist colleagues deliver in class or publish the reality is that everyone starts out with shitty first drafts. (Side note: this is actually what I miss about taking graduate seminar. Although there were certain colleagues who consistently turned in terrific reading responses, they were typically those who juggled less than most of us had to, and who clearly had more time to sit around and edit. In fact, I kind of liked those weeks when reading responses reflected the stress and heavy workload of a quarter. Those crappy responses reflected a kind of ‘truthiness’ – as Stephen Colbert would say – that made even the biggest perfectionists look sloppy in their writing and thus seem more human to the rest of us.)

There you have it. Mind you, I’m trying advice #1 this week and only going on to advice #2 and #3 probably next week or the week after. I’ve opened up my self-proclaimed “Dissertation Action Plan” last updated on December 5 and added items to write about in the next few days and yesterday I did a short free-write, so that’s a start. If I get antsy then maybe I’ll even post something worth reading on this blog.

When I first went to study Chinese in Beijing in the summer of 2005, I was a fairly avid triathlete. This posed some serious issues that, at the time, I didn’t really think were going to be issues — actually, that statement alone pretty much summarizes every experience I had that summer, from the miserable home stay experience that abruptly ended, to the realization that learning Chinese was going to be a hell of lot tougher than I imagined.

But I was also a hell of a lot more adventurous back then. I happily (stupidly) borrowed a bike box from a friend and packed up my $1600 USD triathlon bike. After all, I had the duathlon world championships in Australia scheduled for mid-September, and I planned to be in Beijing until late August. I also had a coach who had prepared a hardcore training schedule for me. Before I left the U.S., we agreed that I would “check out” the area in which I was going to live (with the homestay family) and the university facilities, and then go from there with the biking and swim training. Until then I could still do my runs.

It’s hard to adequately describe the old Beijing airport terminal when I arrived. These days, I can say it’s just as chaotic as any of the central 东北 (N China) train stations, but at that time I had never seen anything kind that insane. True, I’d been to China twice before, but it had been in student and tourist groups, with a guide and without overflowing luggage — like a bike case. I grabbed my suitcase off the baggage belt and looked around for the oversized baggage area. In short: there was none – or so it seemed. I did finally locate my bike case, along with other oversized items, strewn across some random baggage area section. No markings for flight number or to whom it belonged; anyone could in theory have taken my bike. Luckily, I was met by the homestay company guy (actually, a shady foreign I shall call “J”) who thankfully had driven to the airport to pick me up. On the way out of the airport we were accosted by several taxi drivers; they suddenly stopped yelling at us and started yelling at each other. I asked “J” about it as walked to the garage: he coolly responded: “they’re fighting over our business…” (Note: the novelty of this quickly wore off as it happened to me numerous times, especially when I had to move the bike from the homestay to my new digs and the taxi driver gave me a “surcharge” for transporting the case.)

Without getting into details, the homestay did not work out too well, but it wasn’t too bad for training. You see, I was staying with a family that lived in some new apartment complex out west of (what I now know is) the fourth ring road. They lived south of the summer palace, so I could run up there for my long runs. Now, in Beijing 2005, this did require some skillful running around since there was construction everywhere, and I tried hard not to disturb the curious migrants sleeping on the unfinished sidewalks outside the building. (They used to huddle around TVs at night, right outside the fancy apartment complex where I stayed.)

The other big perk was that this homestay family, like so many others at the time, lived on the husband’s western salary and thus had a fancy gym membership. The husband, a graduate from some American university’s master’s program (yet barely capable of actually speaking English and entirely incapable of coherent putonghua*), had bought some kind of life-long membership for this new gym. When I mentioned my triathlon training, they gladly offered to take me to the gym whenever I wanted. I still don’t exactly know how it was they did this, but I went to the gym with them every time for free. I couldn’t speak Chinese very well, let alone understand it, but I did learn something about guanxi from the wife. When I asked her how much I should pay and she said nothing, I pressed a little bit and insisted I should pay something. Instead, she firmly told me: “no pay! we already paid them lots of money when we signed up, so you go for free!”

My first adventure at the gym involved the treadmill and a cycling class. I quickly learned a couple of things: women, for some reason, rarely run on treadmills (or as they’re called in Chinese “running machines” – makes a lot more sense when you think about it). The second thing I learned was that it was highly unusual to see any foreigners, let alone a female, at a gym like this. So when I started running, people started staring and asking questions – was I a famous athlete? (Ha, I wish.) Why was I at the gym, who did I know? (My homestay people got a lot of social prestige points…) I also went to the cycling class, which, and I can say this because I’ve also taught indoor cycling classes, was out-of-control and not in a good way. The small room was closed up, air shut off, cramped with too many bikes, and the instructor liked to play bad techno with a fast beat. My first experience of intense screaming in Chinese while standing on a bike. (Note: a year later in Dalian this became normal.)

To this day I have no idea what happened to that gym. Perhaps, like so many others in China, it closed. (Western-style gyms have never really gained the popularity they have elsewhere, but I often think it’s because the time hasn’t yet been ripe: we’re still waiting for the middle-class fitness revolution that other countries have seen.)

Meanwhile, I started my classes at BLCU (北语) and checked out the on-campus facilities. The gym – Fusion Fitness – was the kind of nightmare I had been happy to avert while at the luxury gym. The equipment looked like it belonged a 1980s gym, and the “locker room” for women – really just a Chinese-style toilet stall and a dangling hose for the shower – looked like it hadn’t been renovated since the 1950s. But, they did offer towel service, and the price was dirt cheap: ~300 RMB for the entire summer.

Luckily, I went downstairs to check out the pool in the same building and discovered what I  would now call representative of the Maoist era: a lovely, mostly empty, 50 meter / 8-lane (i.e. Olympic-sized) swimming pool. (Memory fails me, but I seem to remember it also had its own locker rooms and showers, which were far superior to the poor-excuse-of-a-gym-locker-room upstairs.) I immediately bought a pool pass and within a day went for my first of many swims that hot, muggy summer. Swimming in there was always a pleasure as it was generally quiet and mostly full of old male professors who, if they weren’t spitting too much, just swam laps and ignored me. Occasionally, I ran into other foreign students also looking for respite from the oppressive Beijing summer.

Next to the gym was an outdoor track that remained empty during the day but, as I later found out, filled to the brim with locals from the surrounding community after dinner. I learned fast that running there after dark, which seemed like a good option considering the heat was unbearable during the day, was nearly impossible with the throngs of people walking in endless circles while chatting.

After I left my homestay, I moved closer to the university to be near the on-campus facilities and closer to student life. I missed the fancy gym sometimes, but other times I realized that being able to set my own hours around the pool (it was open late!) and for running made my life easier. I would often attend classes 8am-noon, then either head to work out right away, or grab some lunch and do a tutoring session and do a work out in the later afternoon or before dinner. For example, I might go do intervals on the track or at the gym, and then go straight to the pool and swim (or vice versa). I maintained full contact with my coach and recorded all of my workouts. (I still have these on my computer somewhere, and they’re interesting to re-read for the extra bits of info I popped in there about strange gym experiences!)

Two things made training in Beijing extremely difficult – two things that, had I known about them in advance, I may never have gone to Beijing for the summer. I was very serious about keeping up my biking and running at that time, and I just couldn’t find a group of cyclists to train with. My bike case continued to sit in the corner of my tiny room at the International Student Center, and it remained that way until the day I went home. I had to tell my coach the truth: without a group, I feared for my safety on the roads. I didn’t know any routes outside the city, and I couldn’t speak Chinese well enough in case I got in serious trouble. Nowadays there are expat groups that put together weekly trips, but at the time there was just…. nothing. I pleaded on English-language forums, but no one seemed to be willing to help. I gave up and my coach designed workouts for me on the dreaded stationary bike at the gym. He patiently re-wrote workouts that could be done in intervals and by switching levels back and forth to alleviate boredom (which only mildly worked).

Believe it or not that was not the worst of it. After about three weeks of running outside I came down with an incurable cough. My coach panicked–according to some of his independent research (google and talking to doctor friends), he decided it was no longer safe for me to run in Beijing air. (In at least one respect I think he was probably right: my cough didn’t go away until I returned to the U.S. and took anti-biotics, and I think the polluted summer air in Beijing probably didn’t help what was already a serious sinus infection.) I had to move all my training onto a treadmill… ugh.

Now, I know what you’re probably thinking: no big deal, just a few weeks left, suck it up and deal with it. And that’s basically what I was thinking. But what I haven’t mentioned yet is that I had also signed up for an October marathon, and not just any marathon but one in which I wanted to qualify for Boston (so I needed a sub 3h40m time). The treadmill very quickly became my dreaded hell–and a source of strange and unpleasant gym experiences. The entire summer the gym itself was kept at a toasty 82F; I soaked through at least two towels whenever I ran on any of the machines. When I did intervals, my speed was faster than the machine could handle. A few times, the machine bounced so much the gym staff became concerned and asked me to turn it down – but more often I just couldn’t take my intervals above the machine’s limit of 12.7 KM/H. But most painful of all was doing the final long runs on that machine. Yep, I ran *two hours* on a treadmill in 82F heat in a gym where the only TV in the room played Chinese soap operas all day long. My iPod more-or-less saved me that summer. I still remember one time when I dropped it 77 minutes into a long run and a gym staff member came to turn off my machine as I stooped down to pick it up. “No!” I snapped, “I’m not done yet (还没完!)” He backed off and let me continue.

I’m not entirely sure what that gym staff thought of me that summer. Triathlon was still relatively unknown in China; since the Olympics most people now know what it is, even if they don’t actually know anyone who’s ever participated in a triathlon. One time, I remember running on the treadmill in that gym before dinner, when it was nearly empty. I changed the TV channel and it so happened that there was a live broadcast of some triathlon race (ITU) from Canada. I shouted for the bored looking gym staff members to come over quickly — they seemed slightly amused (or confused) as I excitedly pointed at the screen and said in my beginner’s level Chinese, “看! 三项全能动! 铁人! 是我! (look! triathlon! is me!)”


*I still don’t know if his wife, a born and bred Beijinger, can actually understand most of what he says.

In the decade between roughly 1956-1966 over a dozen feature films were produced in China that focused exclusively on some form of tiyu (sport and physical culture). Like newsreels at the time, these films (part of a genre known in Chinese as 体育片 tiyu pian) included elite competitive sport and athletes, and other times focused more on the participation of ordinary people in ordinary settings, such as schoolboys forming soccer teams and factory workers enthusiastically participating in daily exercise routines. By the end of this decade and following the increased militarization of society, there was even a film about women who excitedly joined a spare-time sports school for parachuting (a common “national defense” tiyu activity).

Perhaps the most popular movie is Girl Basketball Player no. 5 (女篮五号) [1957, Shanghai, director: Xie Jin 谢晋] which is widely known among even today’s adult population in China, perhaps due to its “comeback” in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The film gained reputation for its solid direction and for being the first tiyu feature film in color. The basic storyline follows a young athlete who enters a Shanghai basketball school against her mother’s wishes and to the delight of her new coach. As the audience soon finds out, her mother not only used to be a basketball star in the Republican period (“old society”) but, in a twist of fate, her daughter’s new coach is also her previous love interest. The film follows the young athlete’s trials and tribulations – what is more important, studying for school exams (individual, selfish, familial) or frequently practicing and competing with teammates (collective, for the greater national good and socialist construction)? – but I would argue the movie probably became popular for reasons other than this. For one, few feature films existed in color at the time, let alone one that covered a non-historical, non-military, non-revolution topic (or at least films that were not as explicit in covering these subjects). Additionally, the film seems to have also been one of the few films from the period that explores love – a theme that less than a decade later became absolutely impossible to discuss publicly. Girl Basketball Player no. 5 did not escaped criticism during the Cultural Revolution, and this second story-line most definitely was the reason for it.

I also believe that this love storyline is probably one of the main reasons why other tiyu films were just simply not as popular – for example Ice Sisters (冰上姐妹) [1959, Changchun] and Two Generations of Swimmers (水上春秋) [1959, Beijing]. Both films were also in color, but while the direction of these films is certainly not as good, I believe it’s the plots that left something to be desired. In both films, the stories revolve around characters who prosper in the new society through collective efforts and at times struggle with their own arrogance, which they must overcome in order to be ultimately successful. In Two Generations of Swimmers, the “old” versus “new” society highlights the exploitation of a peasant-farmer who swims very well and is discovered by a money-gambling elite, who then signs the peasant-farmer up for competitions in order to win bets. In other words – both of these films are highly predictable given the propaganda of the day. (There are other severe deficiencies such as lack of character development, but I think that may have been less of an issue.) In contrast, Girl Basketball Player no. 5 offers a narrative plot that includes a love story with an unpredictable ending. Will the basketball player’s mother end up meeting the coach again? Will they get back together?

Finally, the most interesting thing to me about all of these films is not their content – which is rather mundane and repetitive, much like the boilerplate offering in official documents from the time period – but rather their popularity. I might have mentioned this previously, but many people who grew up in the 1950s and 1960s remember many of these films, and they remember having watched them numerous times with friends or family. The positive response I get when I bring up any of these films tells me at the very least that watching tiyu feature films was a welcomed activity (propaganda or not) at the time, as well as a breath of fresh air. It’s hard to put my finger on it, but I’d venture to say people perceived tiyu films – despite anything I’ve said above and how I would label them – to be less directly political than other films. (Hence adding to the reasons I believe that tiyu popular culture somewhat covertly contributed to peoples’ understandings of socialist subjecthood.) Nevertheless, it’s hard to ignore the popularity of the non-tiyu-specific story in the most popular film of them all.

Repressed memories?

I’ve really been enjoying reading Yu Hu’as China in Ten Words the last few days. I think it’s because he does a fabulous job of combining personal life anecdotes with astute observations of the way things in China today are related to or differ from the Cultural Revolution period. One of the things he discusses frequently are basically (somewhat) repressed memories that sort of come to him at later stages in his life — such as helping his buddies beat up a coupon-re-selling peasant and then turn the peasant into the police for his “nefarious behavior.” This is despite the fact that the peasant apparently collected oil coupons over a period of many months and from several people so that he could pay for his marriage. In the end, the peasant gets beat up, coupons seized by the local government, and the peasant booted back to his village penniless. In another story, Yu seems thankful that the family’s danwei was a hospital as he relates a macabre experience in which, during the long hot summers in his town (near Hangzhou), he relished sleeping on the stone cold slab in the hospital’s morgue.

Anyhow, what the book also got me thinking about was my own repressed memories. I mean, mine are pretty mundane compared to his – I didn’t live through public executions during the Cultural Revolution, nor would I have wanted to – but sometimes they come suddenly, and they are not always things that happened as a child, but rather (mostly traumatizing) experiences I have subconsciously chosen to not think about and hopefully forget. Most of the time I don’t remember these until, inevitably, something happens and then it all comes back to me.

A simple example would be earlier today when I was reminded of a 5K race I helped organize years back in the DC area that was almost a total disaster because the race director was completely inept when it came to races. He was the classic case of someone who had a really terrific idea for raising money for a children’s charity – run a 5k – to the point where he neglected the actual race. His obsessive focus on the charity had also forced him to raise the registration price to $25 per person from what the rest of us had proposed should be no more than $20. And then, after all that and despite initially offering us a say in charity, he went out and chose the charity all on his own. At that point I was already too far into the process and could not back out, but I so wish I had…

For the race, I mostly handled the registration (online and in-person) and made sure we had essentials like water and food at the end. Another volunteer did all of the fundraising and prize donation – such as getting volunteers Starbucks coffee and bagels for *free*, as well as having several local shoe shops and restaurants provide gift certificates in small amounts to the winners (note: in the U.S. many shops can write this off on taxes as donations to 501c charitable cause). All of that went smoothly. The race director, on the other hand, had just one task: the race course. Set it up, mark the course, make sure you pay attention to the winners for prize purposes. In the end, everything went perfectly except for one thing — the front pack runners only ran about 4K and finished in under 14 minutes (a normal time for a fast male in a local 5K would be more like 17-18 minutes). Turns out, he didn’t properly station volunteers and mark the course at one of the splits in the trail. He shrugged it off very nonchalantly because, after all, it was the charity he cared about. Myself and the other volunteers (there were only about four of us, mind you, who did most of the work) were pretty upset, however. It not only displayed a level of un-professional behavior on his part but it was very selfish – people had paid to run an official 5k and not just a “fun” run—at least, it had been publicized as such. I was so ashamed about this race disorganization that I was simply glad to not have known most of the participants. Funnily, this director had the nerve to ask me to volunteer to do registration for the next race he wanted to put together. I firmly told him “no” and to not contact me until he had more experience putting races together. (Note: as far as I can tell from a quick google search, the organization no longer exists. Not surprised at all.) The truth of the matter is that I was ashamed to have been a part of something that denigrated these types of local 5Ks. They are and should be about local communities, but they should also be at least somewhat professional and promise people something – especially if you’re asking them for money for a charity they likely knew nothing about (the cause was a good one, but it was not a well known charity and he did nothing in any of the publicity that would have helped registrants know more about it).

So, how repressed of a memory is this? I can’t remember the guy’s name, or any of the other volunteers who helped. I think I’ve probably deleted most the e-mails, or they may have gotten lost in the shuffle between computers over the last decade. Either way, I haven’t thought about it much until now, but I do know what triggered it: about 20 minutes ago I saw a photograph of my father wearing one of the freebie t-shirts given out at the race. Suddenly all (well, almost all) was clear about that whole experience.

If I get the courage I’ll write about another less-repressed memory I have wanted to write about for a while but don’t know where to start or how to write about appropriately. It’s definitely one of those things I wish had never ever happened, and for which I’ll never forget. I try to not think about it too much because it’s not a light subject like the above tale. In fact I can’t even type out a sentence describing “the event” at the moment. Perhaps next time.

Or so that’s my goal with this blog, which I’ve so far failed at achieving. Anyways…. Recently I’ve come to the conclusion that my academic writing generally sucks. I’ve never been terrible with more journalistic writing, and I excel at technical writing (go figure), but academic writing is a whole other ball game. And to be frank, I find myself wondering why the hell I’m bothering with it most days. Most people don’t want to read that kind of prose, and I’m not sure I want to become an academic. If I decide to go to work full-time in an alt-ac career (such as the digital humanities or schoolteacher) or leave it all for an NGO or similar job (another likely option if the former doesn’t work out) then a high level of academic humanities-style writing will be basically useless for my future. It’s somewhat frustrating to realize in the middle of writing a dissertation that I probably would have made a better scientist – that is, social scientist – or non-university educator than an academic historian. I’ve also known for a while that I’m sub-par in this field and I’m OK with that, but these days I really wonder if I’m doing the right thing or if I should just go do something more worthy and beneficial for my future. I’m having a hard time justifying to myself that this PhD will pay off in the long run (pay off in the figurative sense of course, I fully realize there’s no real money in it).

And related to that, I’ve been wondering if I shouldn’t write that article I mentioned in the previous post, or some shorter articles for other blogs, or… something. I’m unhappy with my research and writing at the moment and need to make myself excited about my topic again. If not, I fear I’m going to put this PhD thing on hold and do something else.

Writer’s block

Recently I’ve been having a lot of trouble coming up with good sentences, which I attribute to writer’s block following a few weeks in which all I did was write grant applications and go through article manuscript revisions of something I wrote forever ago. I’m not exactly sure how to get back in the rhythm again… always nice that this happens during a week when I’m supposed to give my advisor something to read. Le sigh. I’ve done a lot of reading in the meantime, some of it related to the dissertation and some of it related to a book review I said I’d write and is overdue. And some of the reading has been more like Chinese fluff fiction/journalistic non-fiction (in English, not in Chinese) just to give my mind a break from hours spent digging into Chinese sources, combing through 新体育 and CAJ articles, and trying to structure chapter 2 of the dissertation. Although I presented some initial findings at a conference in early September, it only dawned on me late last week that I need a solid organizational structure before I sit down to write this chapter. I don’t know why I didn’t figure that out earlier. I think part of it was my decision to jump straight to Word and start typing (mistake #1). Then I incorporated notes – handwritten and from DT database – into the unstructured mess that was forming in Word (mistake #2). I was having major issues jumping around the document, repeating myself, etc – until I finally decided over the weekend to just ditch the damned thing for a bit and write a map on a blank sheet of white paper. (If anyone know good mind mapping software, I’d love to hear about it, but sorry I think Scrivener sucks for this kind of task. It’s fine once you actually have the outline and basic flow–not when you have chunks of information and ideas floating around in your head.) Then, I drew some arrows on the mind map, and typed up an outline using it. I don’t know if it will work or not, but today is the first day I sat down and tried to actually incorporate what I wrote and so far so good. I seem to be a lot less confused, and I feel like a complete idiot since I always tell my students to start with a solid outlined structure before writing (and usually start that way myself) but for some reason did not make that my first step this time around.

And on that note, I’ll mention that I also had an idea for a short article I promised I would write for a friend a long time ago but never got around to – something that should be broadly accessible to a general audience of people interested in China and remain at ~1,000 words or less. (It would also be related to this chapter topic and thus force me to be able to explain the topic to a layperson.) Maybe I’ll even use the blog to write about it first, just as way to snap me out of this horrible writer’s block where everything I write–if I can write anything at all–just sucks. If so, the next entry will be me trying to connect the current laments about physical education in China to physical education in China in the 1950s, and specifically legacies and disappearances of certain aspects of the 1950s programs. (There have also been some attempts to bring back some of the things that had disappeared in the last few decades the free market system, namely 广播体操, or radio broadcast calisthenics.)

And if you don’t see a next entry, well, it’s either because I still have awful writer’s block or (hopefully) I have figured out how to write that chapter!

Athletes as Workers

I had an interesting discussion over coffee with a professor yesterday and it occurred to me during our chat that one of the most understudied things in Chinese sports is the extent to which athletes served as workers, particularly under high socialism (the time period I study) but also today. The state-sponsored sports system did not exist prior to the 1950s, but it was in the late 1950s and early 1960s especially that athletes began to receive compensation and an iron rice bowl for their service to the nation. But what is also interesting to me is that some people worked as athletes at the provincial and even factory levels — some of whom were recruited to specific provinces, municipalities, the army, or factories for the sole purpose of athletic possibilities, but who sometimes also held some other kind of job on the side (in the case of the factories at least). I am not sure how or if I can ever obtain records for this; most of what I know about how the system of state sports schools or factory danwei comes from memoirs I’ve read, and most from after 1965 unfortunately. I know that the system extended, I know that people were “traded” sometimes even — based on political background or what certain team/factory managers needed. How do I break into this? Are there sports schools or factory danwei that would let me have a glimpse as to how they recruit or have recruited people and traded them in the 1950s and 1960s? It does not look promising, I can’t find any secondary literature that details what is likely a somewhat corrupt and definitely secretive process. I think I just need to find 2-3 former athletes and then have them hook me into their network… But I really know this would be utterly fascinating if I could even pull off just a few interviews I could write a chapter or article about it.

Look! A post unrelated to the dissertation.

I have to comment on the recent trends that seem to be setting in at London 2012 in which various athletes have been accused of not upholding the “Olympic spirit” by playing the system. Let me preface this by adding that I have never been a fan of doping, but less from the perspective that it’s “cheating!” and more from the health issues it poses combined with the ways in which it’s been done and the ways in which certain sports and people seem to get singled out over others (who are also likely doping in some form or another). When people resort to covert methods — corruption, gambling, doping — I can see why people jump on them for “cheating” (that’s not to say I agree, each case differs), but when athletes and coaches play the system to their advantage, how on earth do they end up charged with cheating and being disqualified? And furthermore, why do some people get disqualified while others don’t?

I’ll discuss the two cases that prompted me to write this post.

In the first case, we have the badminton debacle involving the throwing of matches by the Chinese, South Korean, and Indonesian teams. All of whom have now been disqualified on the grounds of not upholding the “Olympic spirit.” (and leaving Germany (?) to win? Terrific, Germany wins by default twice in 48 hours – the women’s cycling teams from GB and China being the other big disqualifications, albeit by written rules and not at the discretion of Olympic officials). Is it really their fault that the Olympic rules changed this time around thus making it a better option for them to lose in order to pursue a medal?

I’m not quite sure the international community understands the importance of this sport to these nations, who likely could have taken the top three spots, and that’s not an exaggeration. Based on my own research, I know how important medaling in badminton is for these countries. First off, the Chinese and Indonesian badminton teams have had a close relationship since the 1950s. Badminton has been the pride and joy of Indonesian athletics for at least six decades now, probably longer. To be frank, it’s really the only sport they excel at in the Olympic games. In fact, overseas Chinese living in Indonesia in the 1950s “returned” to the PRC to train with or become coaches for the Chinese national teams. (I use “returned” loosely because it would be like saying Pennsylvania Deutsch “returned” to Germany after living in the U.S. for a century–most Indonesian Chinese had been in Indonesia for decades or centuries.) In my research on the GANEFO, badminton was pretty much the sport in which the Indonesians excelled vis-a-vis the Chinese (who took home 70+ gold medals compared to like… a dozen? by the Indonesians). Since then the Chinese and Indonesians have continued to do exceptionally well in international badminton competitions. (I am less familiar with the South Korean case only because they tended to not compete with the Chinese in the 1950s and 1960s due to international federation rules and the “two Chinas” and “two Koreas” issue that plagued those.)

What absolutely makes me irate is that disqualification based on accusations of “Olympic spirit” do not seem to be equal. (Although not entirely surprising to anyone who studies Olympic history — there’s been all kinds of discrimination based on race, nation, and gender as we all know.) Today when I woke up the BBC had an article about a member of the GB cycling team that won gold yesterday — who has come forward saying that he deliberately crashed his bike to force a restart and get that gold. Well, at first he apparently faked mechanical difficulties, since that’s the only way you’re allowed to restart. But since then he has let out that it was “really all part of the plan” [to win gold, of course!]. It’s still too early to tell if he’ll be stripped of a medal, but the contrast between the media’s reaction to the disqualification of the badminton teams (which led to forced apologies by the Chinese team, crap about upholding the “Olympic spirit”) to the gold-medal-holding cycling team from GB is just frustrating. There’s a clear bias that can be summed up as “GB just doing what they needed to do” in contrast to “those match-throwing Asians.”

Above all, the most ridiculous thing to anyone who studies the Olympics as closely as I do, is this utter nonsense about playing for “Olympic spirit.” You can’t tell me that Michael Phelps competes “for fun.” Don’t try to tell me that the 1936 Berlin Olympics, or numerous other events since then, including the 2008 Beijing Olympics, were just to uphold some vague notion of humanistic jargon called the “Olympic spirit.” If you’re going to disqualify someone who plays by the rules, then you’re going to have to come up with a better excuse. I hope that this Olympics leads to a re-evaluation of the mission behind the games and the rules for disqualification, but I am not optimistic. The Olympic games – which spouts generic terms like “fair play” and “sportsmanship” while ignoring the real tensions behind national and personal glory – has not stayed ahead of the curve in the past.

Another busy week

Well, the good news is that I’ve been writing and reading a lot and putting together actual pages of content (woohoo!). The bad news is this is really slow work sometimes, and other times I feel like I’m off in some direction and on some tangent that is irrelevant to the presentation I need to give in ~3.5 weeks in Bremen. 😡

All of this reading, writing, and work culminates with some pretty insane things, like staying up to 1:30AM the other night to finish a 北京市体委 report from 1962 that outlined problems, weaknesses, and overall plans… which more or less meant lots of decentralization of 体育 at the highest levels and at the lower levels national defense 体育 and mass 体育 activities that look a lot like 1952-1953.

I also went in for a health check-up at the doctor on Thursday, then rushed to the coffeeshop afterwards so I could finish reading a 国家体位 document that talked about similar activities at the national level. …..Mmmmmm soy latte at Double-Eye (the best coffee-espresso drinks in Berlin IMO)…..

Apparently combining the above type of crazy schedule with continued physically activity wears me out more than I think.  I took off Friday from running, but we took a nice 5K walk in the evening to Tiergarten/Siegessäule area and back home (it’s lovely when the sun is setting). Despite the fact that this was my second day off in 7 days (I know, can you believe it?) and two of my runs this week were 45 minutes or less, I have been sleeping a lot too. Most days I get at least 7-8 hours, but after today’s 1.5 hours run around Grunewald/Wannsee -> Krumme Lanke (I am just doing this once a week right now because it’s all I can handle*), I came home and took a long nap. Now this is not extremely unusual to take a nap, but I also woke up at 9AM this morning, proceeded around 9:30AM to then go back to bed, and finally got out of bed around 11:15 or so. After we got home from running, had showered, eaten, etc I *tried* to do some work around 3:30 or 4, powered with coffee. It didn’t last that long. I faded and the nap lasted from around 5:15-7:15 or so, and it was difficult to get up at 7:15. I attempted another hour of concentration (to almost no end) before I threw in the towel and we went for Eis (sorbet) / beer / walk / watch the euro cup in the plaza. Now, it’s 1AM and I’m exhausted again…

I guess the lesson I learned today is that sometimes my brain needs a day off just as much as the rest of my body.


*I full realize that for many people, 1.5 hours seems to be *a lot* of running, but for anyone who knows me and the kind of crazy-ass long runs and marathon/triathlon training nonsense I have done in the past, 1.5 hours is like a standard workout. My definition of “long” is around or above 2 hours of continuous running and “very long” is anything around or over 3. For triathlon training, a typical brick workout (when I was doing them) would also be 1.5 hours — a “brick” would be: 45 mins of swimming followed by 45 minutes of running. “Long” workout days were usually weekdays when I ran an hour in the morning and biked 1.5 hours in the evening. And then there were those crazy weekends where I would do a long bike ride (3+ hours) *and* a long run (2-3 hours), all within 24 hours…